The ABAC Real time Poll has recently conducted a survey of over 2,200 Thai people from 17 provinces on why Thailand is still a developing country despite decades of ongoing development.
Over 77% of the respondents said the widespread quid pro quo was a major factor hampering the country’s progress. Half of the respondents did not believe the quid pro quo, a practice of giving something to a person in return for something he has done, was becoming more popular, but a quarter of them did. However, it was the other way around when it came to corruption, with 80% of the people surveyed saying they had seen government officials’ corrupt practices with their own eyes. More than half of the people said the number of rogue officials remained the same; a small percentage of respondents said the number of corrupt officials was higher than ever, though. On whether the exploitation of the country’s natural resources by a group of famous, influential families was a hindrance to the development of Thailand, half of the respondents said ‘ yes’ and that the number of exploiting groups remained unchanged over the years: while 30% of them said the number had increased over the years. Thailand is the country in which 20 percent of the people own 60 percent of the nation’s wealth; the other 80 percent of the population own the rest of 40 percent. 84% of Thai people across the country said had seen authorities abusing their power to help a certain individual get a government job. 76% said they believed a large number of officials paid their way to get a promotion.
The survey also suggested several measures the government should adopt in order to bring Thailand forward. One of the measures was to promote agriculture, with the participation of related sectors, in such a way that outside influence would be prevented from interfering with farmers. Another way was to give community the rights to own the natural resources in their areas, of which they can avail themselves as a means to increase productivity.